Little Italy, Wide World,
by Marco Farinelli
- Throughout the essay, international is used interchangeably with global.
- The definition of culture formulated at UNESCO's World Conference on
Cultural Policies, Mexico 1982.
- Ishii, Hiroshi, Walls, Jan. In Harasim, Linda M. (1993). Global
Networks: Computers and International Communication. Cambridge, MA: MIT
Press, Chapters 8-9.
While their scope of analysis fundamentally differs, both authors emphasize
multicultural aspects which characterize CMC, by drawing on their
bicultural Japanese-American experience. In Chapter 9, Global Networking for
Local Development: Task Focus and Relationship Focus in cross-cultural
Communication, Jan Walls presents a pragmatic view of CMC where, he argues,
online interaction better functions as an enrichment to users whose cultural
identities are not online: virtual communities do not serve as
identification, but rather as an international experience to better
accomplish specific local goals. In Chapter 8, Cross-Cultural Communication
and Computer Supported Cooperative Work, Iroshi Ishii's effort is directed
more towards understanding the dynamics of cross-cultural communications, in
order to achieve computer supported cooperative work also applicable to the
resolution of international conflicts: in a way, according to the author,
successful inter-cultural communications promote a transnational
identification in the virtual community. Of relevance to this essay is that
both authors realize the need to identify and overcome inter-cultural
barriers in order to communicate effectively, be it for a local or global
- Burgess Yakemovic, K.C. . (16 Jun 1996). Electronic mail
- Farinelli, Marco. (July 1995). Rough Guide to the Internet: Italy.
internet magazine .net, Future Publishing: Bath, UK. Issue Eight.
- Kolakowski, Leszek (1990). Modernity on Endless Trial.
University of Chicago Press.
- Rossney, Robert. Culture Wars. Wired, 3.05.
Notoriously the most nationalistic of European nations, France has attempted
governmental control over American imports by tightening restrictions on
non-European cultural products (films, television shows, and music); this
has also been pursued in coordination with the European Union. The pitfalls
of such a centralist policy appear the more evident in a time of globalizing
communications and interactive media. Such an attitude has prompted a
nationalistic reaction on the part of the American intelligentsia
the extent of penetration of US culture into the French
territory, and how this affects the Eurobusiness.
- Negroponte, Nicholas. (9.1.94). Why Europe Is So Unwired.
- Fredrick, H. H. (1993)
Global Communication & International Relations.
Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co.
- Harasim, L. M. (1993). Global networks:
Computers and International
Communication. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.