Coming Out of the Close
by John Horberg
Las Vegas Vacationers
Edwards' description of closed worlds really brings home the connection with Las Vegas. Could it just be
chance that I read most of the book while I was there, or does this sound a heck of a lot like the interior of a
The closed world is generally represented in fiction by enclosed artificial environments such as buildings,
cities, underground rooms, or space stations... As the name implies, closed-world dramatic spaces often
produce an intense sensation of confinement. Dark interiors or nighttime urban settings may amplify these
qualities... Artificiality is also a crucial feature of the closed world. It is signaled by the built environment,
by displays of technology, particularly military and other high technology, and by the general absence and
irrelevance of plants and animals... Though often darkened, they are rarely still. Technological artifacts
within the space assist in projecting an underlying electric tension: the flickering fluorescent light, the
ringing telephone, the active computer screen, the flashing indicators on a CPU.
Sleep is fretful and frequently disturbed.