Baron (1984) describes CMC as a force in language culture.
Ferrara, Brunner, and Whittemore (1991) describes interactive
written discourse (IWD, the written language occurring in
simultaneous terminal-to-terminal typed dialogues.)
Finnegan (1988) describes how literacy and orality are affected by
Lakoff (1982) Oral is becoming more valued than literacy, writing
Murray (1991) describes the composing process for computer
Ochs (1989) explores language use and culture.
Ong (1977) Technology changed culture and thought.
Ong (1982) Thought and expressed changed in the shift from orality
Shank (1993) argues network communication is not oral or written
December (1993a) compares net discourse in USENET newsgroup with
characteristics of orality as defined by Walter J. Ong. Main point:
The discourse on the Internet brings back pre-literate
characteristics; it is a tertiary form of orality (the first two
being, pre-literature culture and widespread radio and tv
Shaver (1990) describes measures of reliability and validity of
attitude measures of writing with a computer.
Spitzer (1986) describes writing style in computer conferences.
Tannen (1982) Oral/literate continuum = focus: involvement &
context v. content.
Thompson (1988) describes how interactive networking can be used
for speech, writing, and composition.
Black, Levin, Mehan, and Quinn (1983) describes real and non-real
December (1994) discusses and analyzes the strategies communicators
can use to exchange information on global computer networks. Main
point: The communicator's task in creating and structuring
information has always included considerations of purpose and
audience. In communicating over networks, however, the
communicator's task includes considerations of the nature of the
medium_distribution, access, information-sharing practices, and