Parking requirements stand in the way of making cities livable, equitable, and
sustainable." (p. 1).
Donald Shoup's book,
The High Cost of Free Parking
this book covers something so ordinary and obvious that most people
pay no attention to it. Moreover, efforts to reform parking policies are
sometimes met with emotional, irrational, and
non-scientific arguments that make the problems of mis-priced parking
Willson in this book takes a practical approach and gives specific
guidelines to reforming parking; for example:
- Make parking requirements a policy choice: identify goals and state them rather than allow them to be unstated.
- Look at actual practice and research to understand parking rather than
guesswork or non-scientific research.
- Look at case studies of where parking policies improve results rather than
enact policies that have a proven record of failure.
- Avoid looking only to the past--consider the future needs of the
community and patterns of declining automobile use as well as demand for
walkability rather than buy into a future of automobile-dependency only.
- Use a toolkit for parking reform includes the number of spaces required and regulations determining parking requirements.
- Set housing parking requirements to be lower in order to lower housing cost.
- Examine how office parks may have lower perceived quality because of excessive parking requirements.
- Use innovative parking ideas for mixed-use areas such as shared parking.
- Apply incremental efforts to gradually gain improved results in parking policies.