October 1996

Root Page of Article: Coming Out of the Closedt World, by John Horberg

Closed World

Edwards' definition of a "closed world" is ripe with meaning for modern + postmodern philosophers, as it is for virtual reality specialists (and ^Las Vegas vacationers):
A "closed world" is a radically bounded scene of conflict, an inescapably self-referential space where every thought, word, and action is ultimately directed back toward a central struggle. It is a world radically divided against itself. Turned inexorably inward, without frontiers or escape, a closed world threatens to annihilate itself, to implode.
Indeed, much of Edwards' text is devoted to suggesting how the metaphor of a closed world can be applied to the United States, or the USSR, or the entire world. ^

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