October 1996

Root Page of Article: Coming Out of the Closedt World, by John Horberg

Research Universities

Edwards offers very descriptive narratives of the joint military-academy-industry efforts to study the components of cybernetic communication. Special attention is paid to Harvard's war-time Psycho-Acoustic Laboratory and Electro-Acoustic Laboratory.

Also, the experiments conducted by Bell Labs (highly relevant to telephones, by the way) are interesting as well as historically instructive, and are equally relevant to the issue of how computers were developed under specific political and cultural conditions. ^

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